Tunisia's cultural life dates to prehistoric times, as illustrated by dolmens near Bou Salem and rock carvings of the Tunisian Sahara.The Hermaïon of El Guettar, discovered near the city of El Guettar in the south, is the oldest extant religious display discovered.
The arrival of the Byzantines lead to the disappearance of the latter and the restoration of a dense network of Orthodox bishops.
During this period, many hills were crowned with Byzantine fortifications, such as in Kélibia.
With the Arab conquest, specifically during the reign of the dynasty Aghlabids, Kairouan became a renowned intellectual center, attracting many scholars.
It played an important role in translation and research, particularly in the dissemination of medical science knowledge.
The history of Tunisia reveals this rich past where different successive Mediterranean cultures had a strong presence.
After the Carthaginian Republic, the Roman Empire came and left a lasting effect on the land with various monuments and cities such the El-Jem Amphitheater and the archaeological site of the ancient city of Carthage, which is classified as a world heritage site.
While some retain a Byzantine essence, such as Three Doors Mosque in Kairouan (built in the ninth century) or ribat Sousse, many of the ancient columns are purely Arab such as the great Zitouna Mosque of Tunis (ninth century), the Great Mosque of Mahdia and the Great Mosque of Kairouan.
In the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, poets, scholars, historians increased in number in Tunisia.
In sculpture found in Tunisia, there has been a distinct, almost symbolic evolution towards a style which is a representative, idealized perfection of a body, state, etc.
Greek pottery is also emulated, and it is a fact that potters from Greece were employed to produce objects in Carthage.
The dawning era of Tunisian cultural history was shaped by Carthaginian influences including Phoenician, Greek.