Examples of architecture drawing from the city's wealthy beginnings include Toowoomba City Hall which was Queensland's first purpose-built town hall, the National Trust Royal Bull's Head Inn and many examples in the heritage-listed Russell Street.Immediately to the east of the CBD is the Caledonian Estate, an area of turn-of-the-20th-century housing, ranging from humble workers cottages to large stately homes, in the classic wooden Queenslander style.Unlike most of inland Queensland, summer temperatures above 35 °C (95 °F) are uncommon, whilst winter days rarely warm above 20 °C (68 °F).
Toowoomba is situated on the crest of the Great Dividing Range, around 700 metres (2,300 ft) above sea level.
A few streets are on the eastern side of the edge of the range, but most of the city is west of the divide.
However, the Empire was rebuilt and reopened in November 1933.
The architectural styling of the new Empire Theatre was art deco, in keeping with the trend of the 1930s.
Land selling at £4 an acre (£988/km²) in 1850 was now £150 an acre (£37,000/km²).
Governor Bowen granted the wish of locals and a new municipality was proclaimed on 24 November 1860.In 1892, the Under Secretary of Public Land proclaimed Toowoomba and the surrounding areas as a township and in 1904 Toowoomba was declared a city.Pastoralism replaced agriculture and dairying by the 1900s.The city occupies the edge of the range and the low ridges behind it.Two valleys run north from the southern boundary, each arising from springs either side of Middle Ridge near Spring Street at an altitude of around 680 m.It is the 16th-largest city in Australia and the sixth-largest in Queensland after Brisbane, Gold Coast, Sunshine Coast, Townsville and Cairns.