In 1969, Malika Sobirova won a gold medal in an international ballet competition.Since independence, there has been a pre-Soviet cultural revival in an attempt to foster a sense of national identity.
Other Tajik movies produced in the past two decades include: Kosh ba Kosh (1993), Business trip (1998, documentary), and Luna Papa (1999, a joint project of Tajikfilm with some counterparts from Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Japan, and Russia).Traditional Tajik music is closely related to other Central Asian music forms.The largest celebration to come from the pre-Islamic period is Navruz, which means "New Day".It is held on March 21 or 22, when the cultivation of the land starts.The Shahs of Somoni made Bukhara their residence and a focal point for art and science, as well as an administrative center.
The personal interest and support of the Shahs in the arts and sciences, along with international trade, and the relatively stable political situation in the Silk-Road region, all contributed to Tajik art and science at its zenith.
Tea accompanies every meal, and is often served between meals as a gesture of hospitality. Tajik cuisine offers a large variety of fruit, meat, and soup dishes.
Tajikistan's mountains provide many opportunities for outdoor sports, such as hill climbing, mountain biking, rock climbing, skiing, snowboarding, hiking, and mountain climbing. Mountain climbing and hiking tours to the Fann and Pamir Mountains, including the 7,000 m peaks in the region, are seasonally organized by local and international alpine agencies. The Tajikistan national football team competes in FIFA and AFC competitions.
Shashmaqam is the predominant style of Tajik folk music, though falak is popular in southern Tajikistan.
The Pamiris of the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province have their own distinct style of music as well.
The culture of Tajikistan has developed over several thousand years.